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What is double brokering freight?

In the evolving world of trucking, the importance of understanding and avoiding the pitfalls of double brokering cannot be overstated. To ensure fairness and transparency across the industry, it’s crucial for truckers, freight brokers and carriers to understand its implications. 

In this comprehensive article, we’ll explain why double brokering is illegal, and provide tips for steering clear of this unethical activity.

What is double brokering a load?

Double brokering a load is an illegal practice in the logistics and transportation industry involving multiple freight brokers. In a typical freight brokerage arrangement, a shipper contracts with a broker to arrange for the transportation of goods. The broker then contracts with a carrier to fulfill this task. The broker serves as the intermediary, facilitating the transportation of goods from the shipper to the carrier.

However, in a double brokering situation, this process has an additional step. Instead of the initial broker contracting directly with a carrier, they engage another broker to find a carrier. This second broker is responsible for contracting with the carrier to transport the goods. Hence, in this scenario, there’s a chain from the shipper, to the first broker, then the second broker, and finally to the carrier.

Double brokering introduces several complications. It adds a layer of complexity to the logistics process, increases the potential for miscommunication and disputes, and can lead to increased costs due to the additional margins taken by the second broker. Furthermore, as the shipper and carriers may not be aware that multiple brokers are involved, it opens up potential avenues for fraudulent or unethical practices.


Here’s an example of double brokering freight to illustrate how it occurs within the trucking industry:

  1. A shipper needs to transport a load of goods from Point A to Point B, and contacts a freight broker (Broker A) to arrange the transportation.
  2. Broker A accepts the shipment and quotes a rate of $3,000 for the job, which the shipper agrees to pay.
  3. Instead of contracting a legitimate carrier to transport the goods, Broker A, acting as a double-broker, searches for another carrier (Carrier B) who accepts the shipment for a lower rate, say $2,000.
  4. Broker A then contracts Carrier B without the shipper’s knowledge, pocketing the $1,000 difference as profit.
  5. The shipper remains unaware of the double brokering, believing they are dealing directly with Broker A, whom they assume has hired a carrier to transport their goods.

In this example, double brokering leads to a lack of transparency and trust. The shipper is unaware of the true cost of the transportation and the involvement of Carrier B. The practice exposes the shipper and Carrier B to potential financial risks, delays in delivery and reputational damage. Meanwhile Broker A profits from their unethical actions.

Read this FreightWaves three-part investigation for a real-life example of a double brokering scheme in Southern California.

Why is double brokering illegal?

Double brokering erodes the trust and transparency integral to the trucking industry. It creates an environment in which carriers and shippers cannot confidently rely on the legitimacy of their transactions. Ultimately it hampers the smooth functioning of the industry.

The practice also exposes carriers and shippers to financial losses due to potential fraud, theft or cargo damage. Moreover, it can lead to delays in delivery, tainting the reputation of the involved parties. 

Shippers may be held liable for unpaid freight charges, even if they’ve already paid the double-broker, creating a financial burden.

How to avoid double brokering

Now let’s turn our attention to the practical steps truckers can take to avoid falling victim to this unscrupulous practice. By implementing these five strategies, commercial truck drivers can protect themselves and their businesses from potential harm.

Verify broker authority

Before accepting any load, truckers should verify the broker’s authority and credentials on the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) database. A legitimate broker should have a valid and active license, as well as adequate insurance coverage. Some trucking technologies feature built-in capabilities that simplify the verification process.

Establish a strong network

Building a strong network within the trucking industry can help you avoid double brokering. By fostering relationships with reputable brokers, carriers, and shippers, truckers can create a reliable pool of trustworthy contacts. This network can provide valuable insights and serve as a safety net, reducing the chances of falling prey to double brokering scams.

Communicate directly with shippers

Truckers can reduce the likelihood of double brokering by establishing direct communication with shippers. By discussing the terms and conditions of the load, verifying shipping details, and obtaining essential documentation, truckers can ensure they’re working with a legitimate broker.

Utilize load boards with caution

While load boards can be a valuable resource for finding freight, you should exercise caution when using them. Double-brokers may use these platforms to find unsuspecting victims. To mitigate risk, truckers should stick to reputable freight matching tools and avoid deals that seem too good to be true.

Perform due diligence

You should make a habit of conducting thorough research before entering into any business arrangement. This includes checking online reviews, seeking recommendations from industry peers, and investigating the broker’s history. 

By performing due diligence, truckers can identify and avoid potential double-brokers, safeguarding their businesses from potential harm.

For tips on how to spot a double-broker, read Is double brokering dangerous? Learn how to report double brokering in this article.

Avoid double brokering by following these steps

Double brokering has far-reaching consequences for carriers, shippers, and freight trucking as a whole. By actively taking steps to avoid it, you can protect yourself and contribute to a more transparent and trustworthy industry. 

Implementing the strategies discussed in this article will help you navigate the complexities of the trucking industry. It’ll also promote ethical business practices that benefit everyone involved.


Is double brokering illegal?

Yes, double brokering is illegal and considered an unethical practice within the trucking industry. Double brokering can lead to issues such as fraud, theft, cargo damage, delivery delays and unpaid freight charges. 

Can you go to jail for double brokering?

In more severe cases, where the double brokering involves significant financial losses, a pattern of fraudulent activities, or other related crimes, the offender may face jail time as part of their punishment. In addition to potential criminal charges, double-brokers can face civil lawsuits from affected shippers or carriers seeking to recover damages. 

What is co-brokering?

Co-brokering in freight refers to a collaborative arrangement between two or more freight brokers to fulfill a shipment. It involves one broker engaging another broker’s resources and carrier network to successfully coordinate and execute the transportation of goods on behalf of the shipper. All parties involved in a co-brokered shipment, including the shipper and carriers, should be aware of the arrangement.

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